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Water & climate change

(VLR) If you are holding in your hand a glass of fresh water, appreciate it for there are currently hundred millions of people in the world, especially in poor underdeveloped country, having no chance to approach sources of clean fresh water. Climate change is getting fiercer, causing negative impacts on water sources. It is predicted that to 2050, there will be over 4.5bn people facing the lack of fresh water if nations have no new targets to improve water sources in accordance to features of sustainable developments.

Water sources facing climate change impacts

Climate change has been causing great impacts on natural resources, natural environment and socio-economic activities of nations worldwide, affecting men’s life quality. Water resource have soon suffered from the impacts. In 2019, we experienced extreme weather events in the world: cyclone Idai in Mozambique; typhoon Hagibis in Japan’ lethal heat waves in places as in India, Holland, and France; epic heat in Europe; forest fire in California; flood in Venice (Italia) and many other natural disasters. At the beginning of the year, the whole world were totally shocked by the most terrible forest fire in Australia. According to many experts, the main reason: climate change.

According to USAID (United States Agency of International Development), there are over 785m people globally having no safe-drinking water service. In areas around Sahara Desert, Africa, 30% - 50% of rural water supply system stopped operating after having been built for 5 years…

Populated countries as China, India and poor ones a Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nigeria are facing serious water shortage. Women and children have to spend hours daily seeking for water and bringing it home. It is not very difficult to find skinny black Indian boys and girls with plastic bottles travelling for dozen miles with villagers for water instead of being at school or playing or. Kenyans clustering a well. It is obvious that fresh water is limited and with climate change impacts it is getting less and less.

In Vietnam, climate change has had direct and serious impacts to water resource. Debility of water sources in river system and downstream of lakes is getting serious. Soil degradation is getting serious due to climate change: rising sea level, desertification in Southern Central provinces and flood, drought and saline instruction in the Mekong Delta, causing serious impacts to socio-economic developments.

Besides, increasing activities of industrial production and agriculture resulted in the fact that waste water has not been well-treated, causing pollution to rivers, streams, water storage layers and water resources.

Responding to the world water day

The World Water Day (March 22nd) 2020 with the theme “Water and Climate Change” emphasizes the important of water resource and solutions of water resource sustainable management to minimize climate change impacts. The focus on the theme also improve community’s awareness of the changes of atmospheric conditions and oceans that reshape the global meteorology.

Global population increases lead to higher demand of water. Therefore, the resource is running out and environment pollution is everywhere. Solutions of protecting water resources, protection of wetlands, intelligent agricultural productions and reuse of safe waste water to deal with climate change are things that the World Water Day aims at.

In Vietnam, to safeguard water resource, there should be good implementation of water resource management at any levels, of protecting and recovering ecology systems related to water (mountains, forests, swamps, rivers, underground layers and lakes). International cooperation should be carried on in fields related to water and sanitation including collecting water, desalting, waste water treatment; and assisting and improving community’s participation in water management and environmental sanitation…

In current situation, increasing population means higher demand for fresh water and continuously reducing water resource. Water shortage in many places worldwide cannot be immediately solved. Nations and international community should have more efforts to improve water resources in accordance to targets of sustainable developments. And each of us has to change our habit and has the most efficient way of using water. For later time, when we get old, future generation still have fresh water to use.

Some messages for the world water day 2020

• We cannot afford to wait. Climate policy makers must put water at the heart of action plans.

• Water can help fight climate change. There are sustainable, affordable and scalable water and sanitation solutions.

• Everyone has a role to play. In our daily lives, there are surprisingly easy steps we can all take to address climate change. Even families need more efficient solutions of using water.

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Nguồn: Weathers Underground

Tỷ giá ngoại tệ

Tỷ giá ngoại tệ cập nhật vào 30/07/2021 18:45
Mã NTTiền mặtChuyển khoảnBán
Nguồn: Vietcombank

Giá xăng dầu

Giá xăng, dầu cập nhật ngày 30/07/2021 11:16
Loại xăng dầuĐơn vịGiá vùng 1Giá vùng 2
Dầu hỏaVND/L1539015690
DO 0,001S-VVND/L1672017050
DO 0,05SVND/L1637016690
Xăng E5 RON 92-IIVND/L2049020890
Xăng RON 95-II,IIIVND/L2168022110
Xăng RON 95-IVVND/L2178022210
Nguồn: Petrolimex